What are the consequences of drug abuse on the community?
Substance abuse affects and costs the individual, the family, and the community in significant, measurable ways including loss of productivity and unemployability; impairment in physical and mental health; reduced quality of life; increased crime; increased violence; abuse and neglect of children; dependence on non- …
How does substance abuse affect physical development?
During pregnancy, drinking and drug use can put babies at risk of birth defects, premature birth, being born underweight and withdrawal symptoms. In later years, substance misuse can put children at risk of: physical and emotional abuse or neglect. behavioural or emotional problems.
What are the 4 categories in which medicines are classified?
The 4 Categories of Medication
- General Sales List (GSL) GSLs are a type of medicine that have few legal restrictions.
- Pharmacy Medicines. Pharmacy Medicines are only available to purchase behind the counter at a pharmacy.
- Prescription Only Medicines.
- Controlled Drugs.
What are the consequences of substance abuse in South Africa?
Besides personal and family distress, additional healthcare costs and loss of future productivity place burdens on the community. Mental health problems such as depression, developmental lags, apathy, withdrawal, and other psychosocial dysfunctions frequently are linked to substance abuse among adolescents.
What are the different classifications of drugs of abuse?
The main categories are:
- stimulants (e.g. cocaine)
- depressants (e.g. alcohol)
- opium-related painkillers (e.g. heroin)
- hallucinogens (e.g. LSD)
What are the 5 routes of drug administration?
- Oral route. Many drugs can be administered orally as liquids, capsules, tablets, or chewable tablets.
- Injection routes. Administration by injection (parenteral administration) includes the following routes:
- Sublingual and buccal routes.
- Rectal route.
- Vaginal route.
- Ocular route.
- Otic route.
- Nasal route.
What is the Human Medicines Regulations Act 2012?
The HMRs set out a comprehensive regime for the authorisation of medicinal products for human use; for the manufacture, import, distribution, sale and supply of those products; for their labelling and advertising; and for pharmacovigilance.