What are the 5 diseases of the respiratory system?

What are the 5 diseases of the respiratory system?

UnityPoint Health pulmonologist, Jim Meyer, DO, tells us the top eight respiratory system illnesses.

  • Asthma.
  • Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)
  • Chronic Bronchitis.
  • Emphysema.
  • Lung Cancer.
  • Cystic Fibrosis/Bronchiectasis.
  • Pneumonia.
  • Pleural Effusion.

What are the organs in the respiratory system?

The respiratory system is made up of the organs included in the exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide….These are the parts:

  • Nose.
  • Mouth.
  • Throat (pharynx)
  • Voice box (larynx)
  • Windpipe (trachea)
  • Large airways (bronchi)
  • Small airways (bronchioles)
  • Lungs.

What are the organs in the respiratory system and their functions?

The respiratory system is the network of organs and tissues that help you breathe. It includes your airways, lungs, and blood vessels. The muscles that power your lungs are also part of the respiratory system. These parts work together to move oxygen throughout the body and clean out waste gases like carbon dioxide.

What organ comes directly after trachea in the respiratory system?

The trachea branches into two bronchi, each leading into a lung. Each bronchus divides into smaller bronchi, and again into even smaller tubes called bronchioles. At the end of the bronchioles are air sacs called alveoli, and this is where gas exchange occurs.

Which is the pathway of oxygen to the lungs?

Respiratory System: Pathway of air: nasal cavities (or oral cavity) > pharynx > trachea > primary bronchi (right & left) > secondary bronchi > tertiary bronchi > bronchioles > alveoli (site of gas exchange)

Is the trachea part of the respiratory system?

The respiratory system includes the nose, mouth, throat, voice box, windpipe, and lungs.

What does the trachea do for the respiratory system?

The trachea serves as passage for air, moistens and warms it while it passes into the lungs, and protects the respiratory surface from an accumulation of foreign particles. The trachea is lined with a moist mucous-membrane layer composed of cells containing small hairlike projections called cilia.

Which two respiratory infections are caused by viruses?

Common viral respiratory diseases are illnesses caused by a variety of viruses that have similar traits and affect the upper respiratory tract. The viruses involved may be the influenza viruses, respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), parainfluenza viruses, or respiratory adenoviruses.

How do viruses affect the respiratory system?

Viral pneumonia is caused by both viral infection which leads to cell death. The body’s response to clear the cellular debris leads to further inflammation and the blockage of respiration. Many different viruses can cause viral pneumonia, but they all enter the lungs and damage the alveoli.

What viruses affect the lungs?

Respiratory viruses include rhinoviruses and enteroviruses (Picornaviridae), influenza viruses (Orthomyxoviridae), parainfluenza, metapneumoviruses and respiratory syncytial viruses (Paramyxoviridae), coronaviruses (Coronaviridae), and several adenoviruses.

What is the best medicine for respiratory infection?

Prescription Medications

  • Oseltamivir and zanamivir.
  • Amantadine and rimantadine.
  • Decongestants.
  • Antihistamines.
  • Pain Relievers/Fever Reducers (Antipyretics)
  • Expectorants.
  • Cough Suppressants.
  • Throat Lozenges.

When do you need antibiotics for upper respiratory infection?

Antibiotic use should be reserved for moderate symptoms that are not improving after 10 days or that worsen after five to seven days, and severe symptoms. When to treat with an antibiotic: S. pyogenes (group A streptococcus infection). Symptoms of sore throat, fever, headache.

What antibiotics treat upper respiratory infection?

Popular Upper Respiratory Infection Drugs

  • amoxicillin$5.22.
  • Augmentin (amoxicillin / potassium clavulanate)$12.30.
  • Keflex (cephalexin)$10.02.
  • Cleocin (clindamycin)$21.60.
  • Zithromax (azithromycin)$8.51.
  • Acticlate (doxycycline hyclate)$10.70.
  • Vibramycin (doxycycline hyclate)$10.70.
  • Morgidox (doxycycline hyclate)$10.70.

How do I know if my respiratory infection is viral or bacterial?

A few warning signs that your cold has progressed from a viral infection to a bacterial infection are:

  1. Symptoms lasting longer than 10–14 days.
  2. A fever higher than 100.4 degrees.
  3. A fever that gets worse a couple of days into the illness, rather than getting better.
  4. White pus-filled spots on the tonsils.

How long does respiratory virus last?

Symptoms due to viral URI typically last 2–14 days, but some symptoms can linger for several weeks (most people recover in about 7–10 days). Productive cough or discolored nasal discharge does not necessarily require antibiotic therapy.

What is the difference between upper and lower respiratory tract infection?

Upper vs. While lower respiratory tract infections involve the airways below the larynx, upper respiratory tract infections occur in the structures in the larynx or above. People who have lower respiratory tract infections will experience coughing as the primary symptom.

Is asthma a lower respiratory disease?

Respiratory health consequences after aerosolized exposures to high-concentrations of particulates and chemicals can be grouped into 4 major categories: 1) upper respiratory disease (chronic rhinosinusitis and reactive upper airways dysfunction syndrome), 2) lower respiratory diseases (reactive [lower] airways …

Is asthma a lower respiratory infection?

What’s the Difference Between Asthma and Colds? Asthma is associated with inflammation of the lower airways inside your lungs called the bronchial tubes. Colds result from infection with a virus. Cold viruses mainly affect your nose and throat.

How do you know if you have a lower respiratory infection?

Symptoms of a more serious LRTI include:

  1. Fever.
  2. Severe cough.
  3. Rapid breathing or difficulty breathing.
  4. Wheezing.
  5. Skin turning a blue color due to lack of oxygen.
  6. Chest pain or tightness.

Is asthma a bacterial infection?

Non-atopic asthma may be caused by chronic viral, bacterial infections, or colonization with pathogenic bacteria.

Can a respiratory infection cause asthma attack?

Respiratory infections include the common cold, the flu, pneumonia, COVID-19 (the new coronavirus) and other infections. These common illnesses can affect your lungs when you have asthma.

Why is cold air bad for asthma?

Cold air is dry Dry airways become irritated and swollen, which worsens asthma symptoms. Cold air also causes your airways to produce a substance called histamine, which is the same chemical your body makes during an allergy attack. Histamine triggers wheezing and other asthma symptoms.

Which cough syrup is best for asthma?

Dextromethorphan (a pill) or ipratropium bromide (an inhaler) can be helpful. If the cough can be suppressed for a while, the condition usually improves.

Can a viral infection cause asthma?

It’s also important to note that a viral infection can also trigger adult-onset asthma. Unlike the episodes described above, in which an asthma sufferer catches a cold or the flu or some other virus and that virus kicks off an asthma flare-up, adult-onset asthma may come as a surprise.