How do you find retracted articles?

How do you find retracted articles?

Locating retracted publications in databases

  1. CAB Abstracts Ebsco. Search for ‘Retracted Article’
  2. CINAHL Ebsco. ‘This article has been retracted’ is in the title for a few results.
  3. Engineering Village. Search term ‘Retracted Article’
  4. Environment Index Ebsco. Search term ‘Retracted Article’ or ‘Retracted’
  5. WorldCat.
  6. GeoRef Ebsco.
  7. Google Scholar.
  8. Greenfile Ebsco.

What is a retracted journal article?

In academic publishing, a retraction is the action by which a published paper in an academic journal is removed from the journal. Online journals typically remove the retracted article from online access.

What does a retracted study mean?

When a retraction is applied to academic or scholarly publishing, it indicates that an article was withdrawn from the publication in which it appeared after it was published. A retraction is issued through a decision made by the publication’s editorial board.

What do you mean by retraction?

When you change your mind and take back something you said previously, that’s a retraction. If a politician says something offensive, he’ll sometimes issue a formal retraction later. When someone needs to withdraw an opinion or backpedal on something they’ve said (especially publicly), they send out a retraction.

What is the difference between protraction and retraction?

Protraction and Retraction Protraction of the scapula occurs when the shoulder is moved forward, as when pushing against something or throwing a ball. Retraction is the opposite motion, with the scapula being pulled posteriorly and medially, toward the vertebral column.

How do you write a retraction statement?

include the reason for retraction, in clear, unambiguous language that differentiates misconduct from honest error. indicate which aspects of the paper are affected (i.e. which specific data or conclusions are invalid) indicate who initiated the retraction and which authors agreed to the retraction.

What is a chest retraction?

When you have trouble breathing, also called respiratory distress, your muscles can’t do their job. They’re still trying to get air into your lungs, but the lack of air pressure causes the skin and soft tissue in your chest wall to sink in. This is called a chest retraction.

What is retraction of uterus?

1. (in obstetrics) the state of uterine muscle fibres remaining shortened after contracting during labour. (in obstetrics) the state of uterine muscle fibres remaining shortened after contracting during labour. This results in a gradual progression of the fetus downwards through the pelvis.

What is physiological retraction ring?

Physiological Retraction Ring. It is a line of demarcation between the upper and lower uterine segment present during normal labour and cannot usually be felt abdominally.

What is fetal axis pressure?

Fetal Axis Pressure  During each contraction the uterus rises forward and the force of the fundal contraction is transmitted to the upper pole of the fetus down the long axis of the fetus and applied by the presenting part to the cervix. This is known as fetal axis pressure. This pressure aids distension.

What is a Bandl’s ring?

Bandl’s ring, also known as a pathological uterine ring, is a constriction between a woman’s thickened upper contractile uterine segment and thinned lower uterine segment (LUS) during parturition [1, 2]. It is believed that prolonged labor may play a role in the development of a constriction ring [4].

What is obstructed labor?

Labour is considered obstructed when the presenting part of the fetus cannot progress into the birth canal, despite strong uterine contractions. It is more common in humans than in primates, because the birth canal of a woman is not as straight and wide as in primates1.

What is constriction ring?

It is a malformation due to intrauterine bands or rings that give deep grooves in, most commonly, distal extremities like fingers and toes. In rare cases the constriction ring can form around other parts of the fetus and cause amputation or even intrauterine death (see Types and Classification).

What is contraction ring?

A contraction ring is a spasmodic contraction of the lower portion of the uterus which usually occurs during the first phase of labour, but persists into the second stage. The ring then contracts round the child’s neck and prevents the child descending, thus delaying and preventing delivery.

What are the signs of obstructed Labour?

  • Vulva: is oedematous.
  • Vagina: is dry and hot.
  • Cervix: is fully or partially dilated, oedematous and hanging.
  • The membranes: are ruptured.
  • The presenting part: is high and not engaged or impacted in the pelvis. If it is the head it shows excessive moulding and large caput.
  • The cause of obstruction can be detected.

What is cervical dystocia?

Cervical dystocia: Difficult labor and delivery caused by mechanical obstruction at the cervix. Dystocia comes from the Greek “dys” meaning “difficult, painful, disordered, abnormal” + “tokos” meaning “birth.”

What is Incoordinate uterine action?

If polarity between upper and lower segments is satisfactory, labour is likely to be easy, swift and progressive. If on the other hand, the reciprocity between the two segments is defective, the uterine action is said to be incoordinate and labour may be long, difficult and tedious.

What causes uterine inertia?

Congenital malformations and maldevelopment, such as bicornate uterus, intra-uterine septum and hypoplasia, are common causes for inertia. Debilitating or exhausting con- stitutional diseases, such as the profound anemias, malignant tumors or acute infectious diseases, are also noted as causes of marked inertia.

What is dysfunctional uterine contraction?

Dysfunctional or prolonged labor refers to prolongation in the duration of labor, typically in the first stage of labor. Diagnosis of delay in labor is dependent on careful monitoring of uterine contraction intensity, duration and frequency, cervical dilation and descent of the fetus through the pelvis.