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How do you cite something someone else cited in APA?
Give the secondary source in the reference list; in text, name the original work and give a citation for the secondary source. For example, if Allport’s work is cited in Nicholson and you did not read Allport’s work, list the Nicholson reference in the reference list.
How do you cite another essay?
Include the author of the essay, the title of the essay, the name of the collection if the essay belongs to one, the editor of the collection or other contributors, the publication information, and the page number(s).
How do you cite an essay in APA?
When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. This means that the author’s last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text, for example, (Jones, 1998), and a complete reference should appear in the reference list at the end of the paper.
How do you cite a secondary source in APA?
This guidance has been expanded from the 6th edition. Follow these directions when citing a secondary source: In the reference list, provide an entry for the secondary source that you used. In the text, identify the primary source and write as cited in the secondary source that you used.
How do you write a secondary citation?
Secondary sources (citation within citation) Use the words ‘cited in’ in the in-text citation to indicate you have not read the original research. In the list of references, record the publication you actually sourced. References: Reference the work of the author who has done the citing.
What is the difference between a citation and a reference?
The terms reference and citation are also often used to refer to the same thing although a citation tends to mean the part of the text within your assignment where you acknowledge the source; whilst a reference usually refers to the full bibliographic information at the end.
How do you cite primary and secondary sources?
Following the primary author’s name with the year in parentheses, like Culver (2006), indicates that you are directly citing the original source. To avoid confusion, just include the year of the secondary source in your text, like Culver (as cited in Jones, 2009).
What is an example of a primary source?
Some examples of primary source formats include: archives and manuscript material. photographs, audio recordings, video recordings, films. journals, letters and diaries.
What is the difference between primary source and secondary source?
Primary sources can be described as those sources that are closest to the origin of the information. Secondary sources often use generalizations, analysis, interpretation, and synthesis of primary sources. Examples of secondary sources include textbooks, articles, and reference books.
How do you cite primary and secondary sources in APA?
Provide a reference list entry for the secondary source you are citing. In the text, identify the primary source and then write “as cited in” the secondary source that you used. If the year of publication is known for the primary source, also include it in the text.
Is references a tertiary source?
Some reference materials and textbooks are considered tertiary sources when their chief purpose is to list, summarize or simply repackage ideas or other information. …
How many authors before you use et al?
For sources with three to five authors, list all the authors the first time, and use et al. only in subsequent citations. For sources with six or more authors, use et al. from the first citation.
Do you use et al for two authors?
The Latinate abbreviation “et al.” is short for “et alii,” which means, “and others,” and always refers to people, not objects. So if you had two authors, adding “et al.” would indicate that there were other authors – and since there are no other authors in this case, it is incorrect to use it.
How do you in-text cite page numbers in APA?
APA in-text citation style uses the author’s last name and the year of publication, for example: (Field, 2005). For direct quotations, include the page number as well, for example: (Field, 2005, p. 14).
Can you use et al in APA?
The abbreviation et al. (meaning and others) is used to shorten in-text citations with three or more authors. Always include page numbers in the APA in-text citation when quoting a source. Don’t include page numbers when referring to a work as a whole “ for example, an entire book or journal article.
How do you in-text cite the same author in different works?
Multiple works by different authors in the same citation Include the last name and page reference for the first author, then a semi-colon, followed by the last name and page reference for the next author. (Smith 93; Fayett 131-32). List the corporate author followed by the page reference.
How do you cite the same author in APA?
References by the same author (or by the same group of authors in the same order) are arranged by year of publication in the Reference list, with the earliest first. For references with the same author and year, the references are arranged alphabetically by title (ignoring “A” or “The”).
How do you cite in-text mla8?
In-text citations include the last name of the author followed by a page number enclosed in parentheses. “Here’s a direct quote” (Smith 8). If the author’s name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title.