Table of Contents
Can food be a conditioned stimulus?
While the food you ate was previously a neutral stimulus, it becomes a conditioned stimulus through its association with the unconditioned stimulus (illness). As a result, you may develop a taste aversion in which just the idea of eating that same food again causes you to feel ill.
What is the first stage of classical conditioning?
Acquisition. Acquisition is the initial stage of learning when a response is first established and gradually strengthened. 5ï»¿ During the acquisition phase of classical conditioning, a neutral stimulus is repeatedly paired with an unconditioned stimulus.
What is meant by a response to a stimulus?
Synonyms: physiological response to stimulus. Definition: Any process that results in a change in state or activity of a cell or an organism (in terms of movement, secretion, enzyme production, gene expression, etc.)
What are the two types of stimuli?
There are two main types of stimulus “the external stimulus and the internal stimulus.
What could be used as a stimulus in dance?
The stimulus for the movement comes from the five categories including auditory, visual, tactile, ideational/theme based and kinaesthetic/movement based. Examples include art works, orchestral music and literature sources.
What are the 8 choreographic devices in dance?
Tools of the choreographer used for the creation of dances such as abstraction, canon, motif, contrast, accumulation, repetition, reversal, retrograde, inversion, fragmentation, and embellishment.
What is a choreographic stimulus?
Dance choreography must have a starting point. “A stimulus can be defined as something that arouses the mind, or spirits, or. incites activity” (J. Smith – ‘Dance Composition’ 1985)
What is an auditory stimulus?
a stimulus capable of eliciting auditory sensation. It usually refers to airborne sound but can include vibration produced by bone conduction or by internally generated events.
How does the auditory stimulus work?
Auditory stimuli are created by objects (e.g., a human speaking, someone playing a musical instrument, a tree falling in the forest) that produce changes in pressure in some elastic medium (typically air, though other elastic media work as well), ultimately transduced by hair cells in the inner ear.
Is sound a stimulus?
The basic type of auditory stimulus in Presentation is the sound stimulus.
Is temperature a stimulus?
Stimulus modality, also called sensory modality, is one aspect of a stimulus or what is perceived after a stimulus. For example, the temperature modality is registered after heat or cold stimulate a receptor. Some sensory modalities include: light, sound, temperature, taste, pressure, and smell.
What is the stimulus for getting a fever?
The stimulus is the viral infection, which is internal. The fever that accompanies the flu is the body’s way of trying to kill the invading virus. This is a biological response.
Would being sick be a stimulus or a response?
The previously neutral stimulus (the food) is paired with an unconditioned stimulus (an illness), which leads to an unconditioned response (feeling sick).
What is the law of adequate stimulus?
The adequate stimulus is a property of a sensory receptor that determines the type of energy to which a sensory receptor responds with the initiation of sensory transduction. The adequate stimulus is the amount and type of energy required to stimulate a specific sensory organ.
What type of stimulus does both your nose and tongue detect?
|Skin||Temperature, pressure and pain|
|Tongue||Chemical tastes (in food and drink)|
|Nose||Chemical smells (in the air)|
What is threshold stimulus?
n. A stimulus that is just strong enough to evoke a response.
What does it mean for a stimulus to be the adequate stimulus for a sensory receptor?
Adequate stimulus denotes that physico-chemical stimulus, for whose reception a sensory receptor is specialized and responds to at the lowest possible intensity (energy).
How do receptors detect stimuli?
In one, a neuron works with a sensory receptor, a cell, or cell process that is specialized to engage with and detect a specific stimulus. Stimulation of the sensory receptor activates the associated afferent neuron, which carries information about the stimulus to the central nervous system.
What are sensory receptors?
Sensory receptors are dendrites of sensory neurons specialized for receiving specific kinds of stimuli. Sense organs (such as the eyes and ears) consist of sensory neurons with receptors for the special senses (vision, hearing, smell, taste, and equilibrium) together with connective, epithelial, or other tissues.
What type of receptor by stimulus classification are taste buds?
Within the structure of the papillae are taste buds that contain specialized gustatory receptor cells for the transduction of taste stimuli. These receptor cells are sensitive to the chemicals contained within foods that are ingested, and they release neurotransmitters based on the amount of the chemical in the food.
What are the 4 taste receptors?
To date, there are five different types of taste these receptors can detect which are recognized: salt, sweet, sour, bitter, and umami. Each type of receptor has a different manner of sensory transduction: that is, of detecting the presence of a certain compound and starting an action potential which alerts the brain.
What is the stimulus for taste?
The stimuli for taste are chemical substances dissolved in water or other fluids. Taste can be described as four basic sensations, sweet, sour, salty, and bitter, which can be combined in various ways to make all other taste sensations.
Which receptor is responsible for taste sensation?
Type II cells express G-protein coupled receptors (GPCRs) to detect sweet, umami, and bitter tastes. Type III cells sense sour stimuli, while Type IV cells likely represent stem or progenitor taste cells .