Table of Contents
Are Archaeology and oral tradition compatible?
6) Archaeology and oral traditions overlap and supply in their combination a richer view of the past than either offers alone. 7) Archaeology, a product of Western civiliza- tion, is ethnocentric and must be balanced if not replaced by “alternative histories.”
What kind of information are archaeologists mainly interested in?
Archaeologists use artifacts and features to learn how people lived in specific times and places. They want to know what these people’s daily lives were like, how they were governed, how they interacted with each other, and what they believed and valued.
What challenges do archaeologists have to face during the fieldwork in order to know the past?
Archaeology has plenty of enemies—attackers and destroyers of artifacts. Most are microscopic (like bacteria) or invisible (like the wind and earthquakes). Some are human: Looters and vandals have stolen artifacts and ruined sites since at least the time of ancient Egypt.
What was the archaeological investigation of the battlefield at Little Bighorn able to conclude about the nature of the battle?
What was archaeological investigation of the battlefield at Little Bighorn able to conclude about the nature of the battle? (a) Evidence of abundant skirmish lines, supporting settler accounts of Custer and his men fighting in a calm and controlled manner.
What are the three major themes of research in historical Archaeology today?
What are the three goals or themes of historical archaeology, and why is each important and uniquely possible through historical archaeology?…
- Correcting inaccuracies.
- Hidden histories.
- Re-examining history.
Why did Rathje resort to rooting through peoples garbage rather than simply asking them questions about their consumption behavior?
Paper. Why did Rathje resort to rooting through peoples’ garbage rather than simply asking them questions about their consumption behavior? Because people do not always answer questionnaires accurately and honestly.
Why are archaeological sites looted?
Sites of archaeological looting Many sites are often left unguarded and unmonitored due to a lack of funding, but there has been a recent surge in social media activism that seeks to report and document the loss and damage caused by looters, in an attempt to combat further theft and vandalism.
What drives the continuation of the antiquities trade?
What drives the continuation of the antiquities trade? a. Wealthy collectors willing to pay high prices who create a market. Wealthy collectors willing to pay high prices who create a market.
Why is it important that archaeologists devote attention to public education?
15. It is important that archaeologists devote attention to public education because: it is ultimately the public that financially supports archaeological research and members of an educated public are far less likely to loot or vandalize archaeological sites.
Why was it so difficult for Europeans during the early 19th century to accept the fact that Native Americans had built the mounds?
Why was it so difficult for Europeans during the early 19th century to accept the fact that Native Americans had built the mounds? Believing that a superior race had built the mounds fit nicely into the social and political context of the times, helping to justify colonialism.
What is Plantation Archaeology?
The Plantation Survey is an example of landscape archaeology. In the landscape approach, “the mountain is the site”. To take advantage of them, we investigate not only scatters of artifacts — “archaeological sites” in the traditional sense — but also the patches in between.
What was the purpose of the plantation system?
The plantation system developed in the American South as the British colonists arrived in Virginia and divided the land into large areas suitable for farming. Because the economy of the South depended on the cultivation of crops, the need for agricultural labor led to the establishment of slavery.
Which of the following pieces of legislation is largely responsible for the existence of cultural resource management CRM Archaeology?
Federal legislation had passed earlier in 1906 under the Antiquities Act, but it was not until the 1970s when the term “cultural resources” was coined by the National Park Service. The Archaeological and Historic Preservation Act of 1974, commonly known as the Moss-Bennett Act, helped to fuel the creation of CRM.
What are the goals of cultural resource management?
The goal of CRM is to manage important cultural properties for the public benefit. This is achieved by the application of law and public policy.
Why are stone tools important for reconstructing the human past?
Tools are important in differentiating humans from other animals, and stone tools can be preserved over millions of years. By studying stone tools, scientists have learned how past human species might have lived and behaved, and how early humans differed from chimpanzees.
What do you think is the reason behind the Unattainability of reconstructing the total past?
why the reconstruction of the total past is unattainable and that. All tutors are evaluated by Course Hero as an expert in their subject area. With the first part, reconstruction of the past involves delving into the many micro-fragments that exist and prioritize within that world, which we don’t see or understand.
How do artefacts help in reconstructing the past?
Answer: Archaeologists reconstruct the past by a study of the artefacts which they unearth such as seals, coins, remains of buildings, clay, pots or burnt grains. Archaeologists look for patterns in the artifacts they study that give them clues about how the people who made and used them lived.
Who found the earliest evidence of using stone tools?
When did humans start using stone tools?
2.6 million years ago